8. sınıf Ünite 8 Present Perfect Tense (Yet – Already-Just) Konu Anlatımı ve Worksheet
Just / already
Just: az önce, şimdi
Already: çoktan, zaten (beklenilen süreden daha önce)
Bu iki kelime de olumlu cümlelerde fiilden önce kullanılır.
I have already paid the bills.
He has just gone out.
They have just painted the room.
I have already done my homework.
She has already done the washing up.
Yet: henüz, şimdiye kadar
Olumsuz ve soru cümlelerinde kullanılır. Cümlenin sonuna gelir.
We haven’t learnt it yet.
Have you done your homework yet?
My brother hasn’t arrived yet.
She hasn’t tidied her room yet.
Have they come here yet?
Recently/lately: Son zamanlarda
Olumlu, olumsuz ve soru cümlelerinde kullanılır. Cümlenin sonuna gelir. İkisi de aynı anlamda ve görevde olduğundan istediğimizi seçebiliriz.
I haven’t seen John recently.
I have put on a lot of weight lately.
Have you played chess recently?
She hasn’t eaten much recently.
Been: bulunmak. Bir yere gidip gelen, yani artık orada olmayan bir kişinin söylediği cümle.
I have been to Italy. (Italyada bulundum, ama şimdi İnegöldeyim.)
She has been to the shops. (alışverişe gitmiş, ama şu anda evde.)
Gone: gitmek. Gone to kullandığımızda, o kişi ya yolda ya da gideceği yerde.
She has gone shopping. (Alışverişe gitmiş. Şu anda ya dükkanlara giden yolda ya da dükkanlarda. Yani daha geri dönmemiş.
He has gone to Italy. ( Ya otobüste ya da Italyada. Italyadan daha dönmemiş.)
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (Yet – Already-Just)
Ask questions and give answers as in the example. Use already or just in affirmative answers and yet in negative answers.
Example: the lesson – start Has the lesson started yet? Yes, it has already started. (No, it hasn’t started yet.)
you – have breakfast Have you had breakfast yet? Yes, I have just had breakfast. (No, I haven’t had breakfast yet.)
1.you – learn English
2.you – have lunch
3.your father – arrive
4.the sun – set
5.you – finish your homework
6.your friends – read the story
7.the news – start
8.you – buy the newspaper
9.the baby – wake up
10.the students – leave the school
11.you – find the new words
12.the teacher – come
13.they – start studying
14.you – listen to the new cassette
Aşağıdaki İpuçlarını kullanarak recently ve lately ile cümleler yazınız.
15.you – telephone your parents
16.she – wash the dishes
17.he – polish the shoes
18.they – paint their house
19.you – speak to the manager.
20.you – buy a rubber
21.she – send the letters
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (Already-just)
Give answers with already / just
Example: Clean your room. I have just cleaned it.
When is he going to leave? He has already left.
1.Sweep the rooms. ___________________________
2.Wash your hands. ___________________________
3.When are you going to do your homework?
4.When is he going to mend the bike?___________________________
5.When are they going to start studying?_________________________
6.Paint the kitchen window. ___________________________
7.Telephone your parents. ___________________________
8.When is she going to send the parcel?___________________________
9.Vacuum the room. ___________________________
10. When is he going to repair his car? _______________
11.When is she going to do the washing?___________________________
12.Wake your father up. ___________________________
13.Tell him not to be late again. ___________________________
14.When are you going to talk to him?___________________________
15.Peel the potatoes. ___________________________
16.Cut the meat. ___________________________
17.When are they going to choose the presents?
18.When is he going to have dinner?___________________________
19.Have some tea. ___________________________
20.Change the light bulbs. ___________________________
Boşlukları been veya gone ile doldurunuz.
1.Have you ever ___________ to Thailand?
2.A: Hello. Is Monica there?
B: No, she isn’t. She’s ___________ out.
3.Have you ___________ to the post office yet?
4.The cat’s ___________ missing for two days.
5.Kitty! Where have you ___________ ?
6.It’s time to party. My parents have _________away for the weekend.
7.Blast! I’ve ___________ and left my gloves inthe library.
8.I’m tired. I’ve ___________ in a meeting allmorning.
9.I’ve ___________ to Antalya, Marmaris andBodrum.
10.A: I haven’t seen Miguel for ages.
B: He’s ___________ to Lisbon for a year on astudent exchange scheme. He won’t be back until Christmas.